Green Ethiopia – Ethiopia
Taking action against desertification and soil erosion.
Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country, home to two biodiversity hotspots, the Horn of Africa and the Afromontane. The north and east regions of the country are, however, characterized by semi-arid climates, which have little to no rainfall during most seasons. Climate change has been accelerating the process of desertification in these areas.
The main objective of our reforestation activities in the north of Ethiopia is to restore water retention and nutrient levels in soils. To promote soil stabilisation, our local planting partner focuses their efforts in regions which are relatively bare in forest cover. Rural villagers benefit from the projects, providing them with opportunities for subsistence farming and income.
Our reforestation projects focus on the mountainous region Gulomakeda to the north-west of Adigrat. Our planting partner works closely with local farmers who reap the benefits over years to come. Efficient dams and wells are built in order to funnel rainfall to the planting sites in hilly areas. The mixed woodlands benefit immensely from the increased moisture retention of soils.
As agroforestry and flowering tree species are planted in this region, their colourful hues attract local bird and insect species to the reforested areas. Farmers farm fruit trees during the harvesting seasons for subsistence agriculture and to generate further income.
- Employ local community
- Increase water retention levels
- Increase in bee colonies
- Carbon sink restoration
Top Trees Species
The efforts have also proven fruitful because bees have returned to the forests, pollinating flowering tree species. As a result, beekeeping has become a further source of income for locals.
Challenges & threats for development
→ Local communities have to maintain the dams and wells that funnel rainfall to planting areas.
→ There’s little to no rainfall during most seasons; regions are relatively bare in forest cover making desertification a major risk.
Planting trees is one of the sustainable ways in which to rehabilitate …
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